The typical conventions of a documentary:
§ Voiceover: The voiceover in a documentary acts as a commentary by the film maker; this will be heard over the top of the actual filming. This allows the film maker to be able to speak directly to the viewer, using it as a way to convey information.
§ Interviews: This is a common technique and is used to add a sense of realism to the documentary.
§ Montage: A montage will usually be used as a visual representation of the characters thoughts, and is used to help the viewer better understand what the character is saying.
§ Archive material: There is a use of archive material with things such as - stills, news, footage, newspaper headlines etc. being used.